Studies after studies show that Canada is one of the best places to live. US News & World Report said that Canada was the third best country in the world in both 2018 and 2019. This is due in large part to how easy it is to get an education, how long people live (Canada has universal health care), and how safe it is. It’s easy to see why more and more international students are choosing to study in Canada.
Canada has about 36.7 million people living in it. Most Canadians are descended from French and British colonists and immigrants from eastern and southern Europe who came later. In the second half of the 20th century, a lot more people from Asia, the Caribbean, and Africa moved to the United States. There are more than 260 different ethnic groups living in Canada right now. It is also home to a large number of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis people who are native to the area.
Canada is a very big country, and its people, land, and weather are all very different. Because of this, the way each person lives in Canada will be different. Canadians follow many different religions, and more than 20% say they don’t belong to any religion. Canadians do agree on important things, like being proud, believing in equality and diversity, and respecting everyone. Canada is known for being a friendly, peaceful, and safe place to live because of these values.
Canada is the second largest country in the world. It is in the northern half of the North American continent. Even though it is a big country, most people live within a few hundred kilometers of the southern border.
Canada has more than two million lakes and huge mountain ranges like the Torngats, Appalachians, and Rocky Mountains. The St. Lawrence River is the most important river in Canada. It is 3,058 km long and connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean.
The weather in Canada is as different as its people. Even though much of the north has a harsh arctic climate, most people don’t live there. The most populated parts of Canada are in the south, near the border with the United States. There are four different seasons each year. In most of the country, winter is longer than summer, but summers are very hot. Rainfall can be light to moderate, and in some places there can be a lot of snow.
The Great Lakes keep things from getting too cold in the south, so winters there aren’t as bad. Summers in the south are longer, but they are also more humid. From mid-June to mid-September, the average temperature is about 20oC. Lows of -25oC are not unusual in the winter. Temperatures tend to be more normal in the spring and fall, as you might expect.
There are ten provinces and three territories that make up Canada. British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and Labrador are the provinces from west to east. The Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut are the territories.
Even though Canada is a big country, most of its people live in a small area of cities and towns within 100 kilometers of the US border. At 3.9 people per square kilometer, Canada has one of the lowest populations in the world.
There are two official languages in Canada. They are English and French. About 59% of Canadians speak English as their first language, while 23% speak French as their first language. Eighteen percent of Canadians speak a language other than English or French as their first language.
The Official Language Act says that English and French are the official languages of Canada. It also sets up special measures to help English and French linguistic minority communities stay alive and grow. By offering services in both official languages, Canada’s federal institutions show that the two languages are equal.
There are also people who speak Chinese, Panjabi, Spanish, Arabic, and Tagalog in Canada. Cree, Inuktitut, and Innu/Montagnais are the languages that most Aboriginal people speak.